Spinal pathology means that an abnormality exists in the spine. It can exist from birth or be an acquired condition. Some spinal pathologies include scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) and spondylosis (degeneration of spinal discs). These disorders may or may not show symptoms and may or may not require treatment or surgery, depending on the severity and progression of the disease.
Following doctor's orders with an understanding of the pathology of a spinal condition can improve recovery or management and prevent complications. For instance, patients who know whether spinal stenosis is cervical or lumbar can recognize symptoms and treat the correct areas. Additionally, being aware of the pathology of osteoarthritis may prevent its degradation to stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal column.
The Pathology of Osteoarthritis, Stenosis and Scoliosis
Spinal pathology in osteoarthritis cases can be as mild as stiffened discs or ligaments or as severe as ruptured discs or spinal-cord nerve impingement. If the abnormality is in the upper spine, then the movement of the neck and parts of the body served by those nerves will be affected. Pain or numbness in the lower back and legs may indicate lumbar stenosis. Doctors use a variety of tests and scans to determine which pathology is causing specific health problems.
Scoliosis is an abnormal growth pattern of the spine, which usually becomes apparent by adolescence and may or may not progress beyond a certain point. Knowing the direction and degree of the spinal curvature helps doctors prescribe the best treatment. The Bonati Institute provides comprehensive care, including the latest arthroscopic surgery.